Multilayer Circuit Boards are generally used in high-speed PCB design. Multi-layer circuit boards are actually formed by laminating and bonding several etched single-sided or double-sided boards. Multi-layer circuit boards are compared with single and double-layer circuit boards. , There are many advantages, especially in small-volume electronic products, let’s share the advantages of multi-layer circuit boards together.
1. Multilayer PCB circuit boards have high assembly density and small sizes. As electronic products become smaller and smaller, higher requirements are placed on the electrical performance of PCBs, and the demand for multilayer circuit boards is also increasing.
2. The use of multi-layer circuit boards is convenient for wiring, the wiring length is greatly shortened, and the wiring between electronic components is shortened, which also improves the speed of signal transmission.
3. For high-frequency circuits, after adding the ground layer, the signal line will form a constant low impedance to the ground, the circuit impedance is greatly reduced, and the shielding effect is better.
4. For electronic products with high heat dissipation requirements, the multilayer PCB circuit board may be provided with a metal core heat dissipation layer, which is convenient to meet the needs of special functions such as shielding and heat dissipation.
In terms of performance, multi-layer circuit boards are better than single and double panels, but the higher the number of layers, the greater the production cost, the relatively long processing time, and the more complicated quality inspection. However, under the cost comparison of the same area, although the cost of multi-layer circuit boards is higher than that of single-layer PCB and double-layer PCB when the noise reduction factor is taken into consideration, the cost difference between the two is not so obvious. With the advancement of technology, there are now PCB boards with more than 100 layers are used in precision aerospace instruments and medical equipment.
The most common multi-layer circuit board is the four- or six-layer PCB board, and the computer we are familiar with is common in daily life. The difference between a four-layer board and a six-layer board is the middle layer. There are two more internal signal layers between the ground layer and the power layer. The six-layer board is thicker than the four-layer board. Single and double-layer boards are easy to distinguish and can be distinguished with the naked eye. Hold the board and look at the light. Except for the wiring on both sides, the rest is transparent. But for the four-layer board and the six-layer board, if there is no corresponding mark on the board, it is not so easy to make a simple distinction.
Generally speaking, multi-layer PCB circuits have been widely used in the manufacture of electronic products due to their design flexibility, economic superiority, stable electrical performance, and reliability.